The Parish Churches of Ranworth with Panxworth,
South Walsham, Upton and Woodbastwick

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Patron Saints

Early Christians used the word ‘saint’ for all the faithful. In time though, a saint came to be a person of outstanding devotion. The earliest saints acclaimed by common consent were the apostles, John the Baptist, the Holy family and the first martyrs. As the Christian church became more structured, bishops took control of canonisations within their own dioceses. It was not until 1170 though that Pope Alexander III insisted that only the Pope could canonise.

Portrayals of saints dominated Christian art until the Reformation when many icons were destroyed. It is miraculous that so much of the rood screens in Ranworth and any of the lovely Upton screen survived the ravages of the 1500s when reformers believed that portrayals of human beings might tempt congregations to treat them as idols. The reformers’ passion led them to daub all bare flesh, feet, hands and faces with tar.

Saints looking up

The lives of saints were always remarkable and in the next pages are descriptions of the lives of St Helen of Ranworth, St Mary of South Walsham, St Margaret of Upton and SS. Fabian and Sebastian of Woodbastwick that have been handed down through the ages. All the stories witness to a Christian faith that can lead to the extraordinary.

St Lawrence holding the gridiron on which he was martyred. From the rood screen in St Helenís Church, Ranworth - click for larger image

St Lawrence holding the gridiron on which he was martyred. From the rood screen in St Helenís Church, Ranworth